open ball

The open ball \(B\), is defined as

\begin{equation} B(\hat{x}, \delta) = \{x | d(x, \hat{x}) < \delta \} \end{equation}

Where \(d\) is the (maybe euclidean) distance norm.

In other words, it represents a sphere of values with center \(\hat{x}\) and radius \(\delta\) not including the actual boundary of the ball.

It is an open set, due to the definition of the open set.

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